Stainless Steel Chemical Resistance Chart

Chemicals F-L

  Stainless Steel 304 Stainless Steel 316
Chemical Compatibility Compatibility
Acetaldehyde A-Excellent A-Excellent
Fatty Acids B-Good A-Excellent
Ferric Chloride D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Ferric Nitrate B-Good B-Good
Ferric Sulfate B-Good A-Excellent
Ferrous Chloride D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Ferrous Sulfate B-Good B-Good
Fluoboric Acid B-Good B-Good
Fluorine C-Fair A-Excellent
Fluosilicic Acid C-Fair B-Good
Formaldehyde 100% C-Fair A-Excellent
Formaldehyde 40% A-Excellent A-Excellent
Formic Acid B-Good A-Excellent
Freon 113 N/A N/A
Freon 12 B-Good B-Good
Freon 22 A-Excellent A-Excellent
Freon TF A-Excellent A-Excellent
Freon® 11 A-Excellent A-Excellent
Fruit Juice A-Excellent A-Excellent
Fuel Oils A-Excellent A-Excellent
Furan Resin A-Excellent A-Excellent
Furfural A-Excellent B-Good
Gallic Acid A-Excellent B-Good
Gasoline (high-aromatic) A-Excellent A-Excellent
Gasoline, leaded, ref. A-Excellent A-Excellent
Gasoline, unleaded A-Excellent A-Excellent
Gelatin A-Excellent A-Excellent
Glucose A-Excellent A-Excellent
Glue, P.V.A. A-Excellent A-Excellent
Glycerin A-Excellent A-Excellent
Glycolic Acid A-Excellent A-Excellent
Gold Monocyanide A-Excellent A-Excellent
Grape Juice A-Excellent A-Excellent
Grease N/A A-Excellent
Heptane A-Excellent A-Excellent
Hexane A-Excellent A-Excellent
Honey A-Excellent A-Excellent
Hydraulic Oil (Petro) A-Excellent A-Excellent
Hydraulic Oil (Synthetic) A-Excellent A-Excellent
Hydrazine A-Excellent A-Excellent
Hydrobromic Acid 100% D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Hydrobromic Acid 20% D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Hydrochloric Acid 100% D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Hydrochloric Acid 20% D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Hydrochloric Acid 37% D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Hydrochloric Acid, Dry Gas D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Hydrocyanic Acid B-Good A-Excellent
Hydrocyanic Acid (Gas 10%) N/A N/A
Hydrofluoric Acid 100% B-Good B-Good
Hydrofluoric Acid 20% D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Hydrofluoric Acid 50% D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Hydrofluoric Acid 75% D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Hydrofluosilicic Acid 100% D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Hydrofluosilicic Acid 20% C-Fair B-Good
Hydrogen Gas A-Excellent A-Excellent
Hydrogen Peroxide 10% B-Good B-Good
Hydrogen Peroxide 100% B-Good A-Excellent
Hydrogen Peroxide 30% B-Good B-Good
Hydrogen Peroxide 50% B-Good A-Excellent
Hydrogen Sulfide (aqua) C-Fair A-Excellent
Hydrogen Sulfide (dry) C-Fair A-Excellent
Hydroquinone B-Good B-Good
Hydroxyacetic Acid 70% N/A N/A
Ink C-Fair C-Fair
Iodine D-Severe Effect D-Severe Effect
Iodine (in alcohol) N/A N/A
Iodoform A-Excellent A-Excellent
Isooctane A-Excellent A-Excellent
Isopropyl Acetate C-Fair A-Excellent
Isopropyl Ether A-Excellent A-Excellent
Isotane N/A N/A
Jet Fuel (JP3, JP4, JP5) A-Excellent A-Excellent
Kerosene A-Excellent A-Excellent
Ketones A-Excellent A-Excellent
Lacquer Thinners A-Excellent A-Excellent
Lacquers A-Excellent A-Excellent
Lactic Acid B-Good B-Good
Lard A-Excellent A-Excellent
Latex A-Excellent A-Excellent
Lead Acetate B-Good B-Good
Lead Nitrate B-Good B-Good
Lead Sulfamate C-Fair C-Fair
Ligroin N/A A-Excellent
Lime A-Excellent A-Excellent
Linoleic Acid B-Good A-Excellent
Lithium Chloride A-Excellent A-Excellent
Lithium Hydroxide B-Good B-Good
Lubricants A-Excellent A-Excellent
Lye: Ca(OH)2 Calcium Hydroxide B-Good B-Good
Lye: KOH Potassium Hydroxide B-Good A-Excellent
Lye: NaOH Sodium Hydroxide B-Good B-Good
Ratings

A = Excellent.

B = Good. Minor Effect, slight corrosion or discoloration.

C = Fair. Moderate Effect, not recommended for continuous use. Softening, loss of strength, swelling, may occur.

D = Severe Effect, not recommended for ANY use.

N/A = Information Not Available.

Temperature Conversion
°F = (1.8 x °C) + 32

°C = (°F - 32) x 0.555
Warning
The information in this chart has been supplied to Hayata by other reputable sources and is to be used ONLY as a guide in selecting equipment for appropriate chemical compatibility. Before permanent installation, test the equipment with the chemicals and under the specific conditions of your application.
Ratings of chemical behavior listed in this chart apply at a 48-hr exposure period.
Hayata has no knowledge of possible effects beyond this period. Hayata does not warrant (neither express nor implied) that the information in this chart is accurate or complete or that any material is suitable for any purpose.
Danger
Variations in chemical behavior during handling due to factors such as temperature, pressure, and concentrations can cause equipment to fail, even though it passed an initial test.
Serious Injury May Result
Use suitable guards and/or personal protections when handling chemicals.